Developing a Marketplace for Smart Cities Foundational Services with Policy and Trust
This paper examines the issues of policy and trust in the context of IT infrastructures for Smart Cities. This paper proposes that trusted Smart city policies can lead to the development of a set of trusted foundational services underlying all smart city solutions. Such services are critical to ensure that the architectural choices used to drive efficient integration among data and service consumers and providers to use within smart city domains, and will lead to the development of a marketplace where service providers and consumers engage in a free and fully informed exchange to choose worthy and reliable experiences addressing everything from reporting street light outages to identifying economic advantages during city planning. It argues that two usually mutually exclusive architectural meta-models; Centralization and Federation, are both required to achieve a robust set of trusted foundational services. It reviews a scale of options for implementing the marketplace component of the foundational services to support a matrix of consuming scenarios from fully isolated well known analytics to the anonymous access that allows potential users to browse for services without any controls before requesting access. It concludes that Trusted Policies are highly important as successful ingredients in the development of foundational services during the developmental stage and in the operations and maintenance stages for integrated Smart city systems. It is critical that Smart cities systems implement city-wide policies and similarly policy driven marketplaces that improve and sustain trust and in turn help Smart cities manage the multitude of systems that are continuously both developmental and operational, and will be so for many decades to come.
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